MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

Cabbage is an easy vegetable to grow in winter and mild climate regions. You had better plant this vegetable in your garden to supply fresh vegetables to your kitchen during frost days. Let’s see how to grow cabbage seeds outdoors and learn some tips to keep your vegetable heads healthy and big.

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

I. Vegetable Variety Recommendation
II. How To Grow Cabbage Seeds Outdoors?
2.1. Time to start seed
2.2. Preparation
2.3. Sowing Cabbage Seeds
2.4. Caring & Transplanting
IV. How to Harvest & Store Cabbage
4.1. How to harvest cabbage
4.2. How to store cabbages
IV. Conclusion

I. What's the best cabbage variety to grow?

You should select the proper varieties for each crop. Some cabbage varieties grow better in the summer. But some others prefer under-freezing temperatures. Check out some vegetable varieties to plant in your garden below.

  • For late summer and fall: Chinese cabbage and red varieties, such as Integro, Ruby Perfection, and Li Ren Choy, can grow well in autumn. 
  • For winter: Green Boy, Charmant, and OS Cross can tolerate the frost temperatures. Winter vegetables often have smaller heads. 
  • For big heads: Quick Start and Golden Acre are fall crops.
  • For early harvest: Stonehead needs only 67 days to mature. You can harvest Primo cabbages after 70-75 days.

You can collect dried ripened vegetable seeds to grow this vegetable in the next crop. It’s much cheaper than cultivating this vegetable from seedlings. Next, learn to plant this vegetable from seeds.   

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

II. How To Grow Cabbage Seeds Outdoors?

You can directly sow this plant seed outdoors or start the vegetable seed indoors first. But it’s easier and safer to grow it in your garden straightly. Then, you don’t need to prepare too many types of equipment. Let’s check this detailed operation procedure from the best time for growing cabbage from seed outdoors below.

2.1. Time to start seed

The first step is scheduling. You must select the best day to start the seed before transplanting seedlings to the vegetable bed. 

  • Spring frost crop: You should start seeding 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost.
  • Fall crop: You had better sow direct in the garden in midsummer. 

Mark the date on your calendar and prepare seeds and equipment for sowing work. Besides, you can watch the weather forecast before starting seeds and sowing. Weather conditions like temperature and rainfall hugely impact the germination rate when growing seeds outdoors.  

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

2.2. Soil Preparation

The second step is preparing vegetable seeds, soil beds, PPE, and tools. PPE helps protect your hands when working with soil and fertilizers. Follow these steps to prepare plant seeds and the soil bed in your garden.

  1. Take dried seeds out of the storage and bag and let them cool down to room temperature. Remove dead and infected seeds. 
  2. Break big soil clumps.
  3. Remove rocks, debris, dried tree roots, and branches.
  4. Add fertilizers or composts to fertilize garden soil.
  5. Level the soil surface.

Soil preparation is a crucial step. Creating a good soil bed to nourish vegetable seeds determines the germination rate. Vegetable seeds need suitable temperature, moisture, and oxygen to sprout perfectly.  

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

2.3. Sowing Cabbage Seeds 

Start to sow cabbage seeds when the soil and vegetable seeds are ready. Sow this greenery seeds outdoors according to the following steps. 

  1. Create a small hole in the soil bed with your finger. It should be 1.3 cm deep. Keep a 25-centimeter space between two holes. Don’t forget to wear PPE gloves. 
  2. Put 2-3 cabbage seeds into the hole.
  3. Cover a thin layer of soil over the seed.
  4. Use a watering can to water the soil bed. Keep the soil moist but not sogged.

You can use an irrigation system to water the seed slowly and gradually. Avoid flushing water over the soil and seed. Make sure the soil is still airy to ensure airflow and oxygen supply. Cabbage seeds often sprout at 18 to 24°C. 

2.4. Caring & Transplanting

Keep the soil moisture and oxygen rich enough for seeds to germinate. You can cover the vegetable bed to protect plant seeds from heavy rain. Cabbage seeds often sprout after 8 - 14 days. Transplant seedlings when two or three seedlings grow from the same hole. 

Only transplant the young plant when it’s 10cm tall and has 4-6 leaves. It often takes the young plant 4 - 6 weeks to be mature enough for transplantation. Maintain the space between vegetables to let them develop heads.

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

IV. How to Harvest & Store Cabbage

Harvest cabbage heads for cooking when they are mature. How long does it take to grow this vegetable from seed? When can you pick the this greenery head? How long can you store fresh vegetable? Let’s find the answer below to collect and store this vegetable correctly.

4.1. How to harvest cabbage

Typical cabbages are ready to harvest after 2 - 3 months. You should pick up the firm and hearty heads of this vegetable. Push in the green head to check the firmness. Harvest them in the early morning or late afternoon when the temperature is not high. You had better wear thick cotton gardening gloves to avoid cutting your hands.

Follow these steps to cut the cabbage correctly. 

  1. Use a robust and sharp knife to cut the greenery head. 
  2. Sneak the knife into the bottom of the vegetable head and cut it out of the stalk.
  3. Leave some large outer leaves to let smaller heads grow from the cutting place of the vegetable root.

You can harvest 3 - 6 smaller and looser heads. These subsequent cabbage heads are not firm and big. But they are fresh and healthy.

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

4.2. How to store cabbages

You must store the whole greenery ball to keep them fresh and maintain all its nutrients. Remove loose leaves around the firm vegetable head. Use the food plastic wrapper to cover the green head. 

Then, put them in the fridge for no more than one week. Store partially cut cabbages for 3 - 4 days only. Try to use up this green before it gets dehydrated. Keep the temperature between 0 and 4°C to keep them fresh and maintain their nutrients.

MUST-KNOW TIPS & GUIDELINES ON HOW TO GROW CABBAGE SEEDS

IV. Conclusion

Cabbage is an easy vegetable to grow at home. Learn how to grow cabbage seeds and harvest big green heads from summer to spring. These high-quality plant seeds with a high germination rate are available in The Rike. You should provide seeds and seedlings with favorable temperature, moisture, airflow, and inspection for healthy development. Store harvested cabbage heads in the fridge to make them last longer.


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